Roman-Germanic Museum, Cologne
What to See
The highlight of the museum's collection is the Dionysus Mosaic, which dates from about 220 AD. It lies exactly where it was found - the museum was built around this star exhibit. It was discovered in 1941 when workers were digging an air-raid shelter. The elaborately decorated and colored mosaic is made from over a million pieces of limestone, ceramic and glass and covers over 70 square meters.
Once the floor of a banqueting hall in a large Roman villa, the mosaic depicts a drunk Dionysus, the Greek god of wine, surrounded by Cupid, Pan, dancers, satyrs and scenes of the delights of the table. It is so well preserved because the burnt-out remains of the building fell on top of it in the Germanic raids of the fourth century.
Another main attraction is the reconstructed Tomb of Poblicius, dating from around 40 AD and standing about 15 meters high beside the mosaic. Poblicius was an important veteran who had served in the Fifth Legion.
You can also view the Praetorium, a palace of the Roman governors of Lower Germania, which was recently found near the cathedral.
The remainder of the exhibits are arranged thematically, under such topics as "a woman's daily life" and "private devotion." On the second floor of the museum is an unusual collection of Roman antiquities found in the Rhine Valley, including Roman glass from the 1st through 4th centuries, as well as pottery, marble busts, and jewelry.
There are a few non-Roman items included in the museum, including a 12th-century mikveh, a ritual bath used by Cologne's Jewish community (located offsite but nearby, next to the town hall).
Prehistoric finds from Cologne, the Rhineland and selected European sites dating from the Stone, Bronze and Iron Ages are also exhibited. The various ancient religious cults from these periods can be seen in depictions of deities in stone, bronze and clay.
Quick Facts on Roman-Germanic Museum
|Names:||Römisch-Germanisches Museum; Roman-Germanic Museum; Roman-Germanic Museum, Cologne|
|Visitor and Contact Information|
|Coordinates:||50.940559° N, 6.958755° E (view on Google Maps)|
|Lodging:||View hotels near this location|
Map of Roman-Germanic Museum
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- Personal visit (December 30, 2005).
- Frommer's Germany 2005
- Rough Guide to Germany, 6th ed
- Römisch-Germanisches Museum - Museums in Cologne
- Roman-Germanic Museum, Cologne - Go Historic
- Photos of Roman-Germanic Museum - here on Sacred Destinations
|Title:||Roman-Germanic Museum, Cologne|
|Link code:||<a href="http://www.sacred-destinations.com/germany/cologne-roman-germanic-museum/germany/cologne-roman-germanic-museum">Roman-Germanic Museum, Cologne</a>|