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  4. San Gregorio Maggiore

San Gregorio Maggiore, Spoleto

Romanesque facade and Paleochristian-to-Renaissance tower. View all images in our San Gregorio Maggiore Photo Gallery.
11th-century Romanesque nave, looking east to the raised presbytery.
Elevation and vault of the Romanesque nave.
Presbytery and apse, with 14th-century fresco portraits.
Detail of presbytery fresco.
Groin-vaulted crypt beneath the presbytery.

The 11th-century Romanesque church of San Gregorio Maggiore in Spoleto has ancient origins, an atmospheric interior and some interesting medieval frescoes.

History

The present Church of San Gregorio was mostly built in the 11th century on the site of an ancient oratory dedicated to St. Gregory, a local saint killed in a spectacle at Spoleto's Roman amphitheater in 304 AD. According to tradition, 10,000 other martyrs died along with him; they are honored here, too.

Careful restorations in the 1950s removed most of the Baroque additions to reveal the original Romanesque architecture.

What to See

Overlooking the bustling Piazza Garibaldi in the Lower Town, San Gregorio incorporates elements from a variety of eras, including remains of an earlier 8th-century church.

The base of the campanile (with large visible blocks) dates from the Early Christian period, while the top was last refined in the 16th century. The Romanesque facade dates from the 12th century and is modeled on the Duomo.

The large Renaissance porch was added in the 16th century and contains the Cappella degli Innocenti (Chapel of the Innocents), now protected by a gate and used as a baptistery. It is decorated with frescoes depicting the life of St. Abundatius, who is buried in the crypt.

The interior is in the solid Romanesque style of the 11th century, decorated on some walls with fragments of 14th-century frescoes by local Umbrian artists. The presbytery is full of architectural spoils from various eras, including some 6th-century Byzantine capitals and a medieval Cosmatesque pavement. It is raised several meters above the nave on tiny, mismatched pillars.

Below the presbytery is an atmospheric little crypt with a groin vault and a forest of pillars.

Quick Facts on San Gregorio Maggiore

Site Information
Names:Church of St. Gregory; San Gregorio Maggiore; San Gregorio Maggiore, Spoleto
City:Spoleto
State:Umbria
Country:Italy
Categories:Churches
Faiths:Christianity; Catholic
Styles:Romanesque
Dates:1069
Status:active
Visitor and Contact Information
Location:Spoleto, Italy
Coordinates:42.740417° N, 12.736309° E  (view on Google Maps)
Lodging:View hotels near this location
Note: This information was accurate when first published and we do our best to keep it updated, but details such as opening hours can change without notice. To avoid disappointment, please check with the site directly before making a special trip.

Map of San Gregorio Maggiore

Below is a location map and aerial view of San Gregorio Maggiore. Using the buttons on the left (or the wheel on your mouse), you can zoom in for a closer look, or zoom out to get your bearings. To move around, click and drag the map with your mouse.

References

  1. Personal visit (April 20, 2008).
  2. Frommer's Florence, Tuscany & Umbria, 4th Edition
  3. The Rough Guide to Italy 7 (May 2005), 651-52.
  4. David Bershad and Carolina Mangone, The Christian Traveler's Guide to Italy, 193.

More Information

Article Info

Title:San Gregorio Maggiore, Spoleto
Author:Holly Hayes
Last updated:04/03/2009
Permalink:www.sacred-destinations.com/italy/spoleto-san-gregorio/italy/spoleto-cathedral
Link code:<a href="http://www.sacred-destinations.com/italy/spoleto-san-gregorio/italy/spoleto-cathedral">San Gregorio Maggiore, Spoleto</a>