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  4. Red Basilica (Temple of Serapis)

Red Basilica (Temple of Serapis), Pergamum

Photo © Dick Osseman. View all images in our Red Basilica (Temple of Serapis) Photo Gallery.
Photo © Helen Betts.
Photo © Dick Osseman.

The Kizil Avlu (Red Basilica or Red Hall) of Bergama is one impressive pile of red brick.


The massive structure was built in the early 2nd century (under Hadrian) as a temple to the popular Egyptian god Serapis. It was later (4th-5th centuries) converted into a Byzantine church.

The Red Basilica was destroyed in the Arab raids of 716 to 717 AD, after which a smaller church was built within the ruins.

What to See

Today, the still-enormous Red Basilica straddles the Selinus River (Bergama Cayi), whose two subterranean galleries provide a canal for the water to pass.

The interior of the basilica consisted of three aisles divided by two rows of columns. The central aisle ended in a semi-circular apse, under which was a crypt. Above the lateral aisles were galleries.

A small mosque now makes its home in one of the towers.

Quick Facts on Red Basilica (Temple of Serapis)

Site Information
Names:Red Basilica (Temple of Serapis); Red Basilica (Temple of Serapis), Pergamum
Faiths:Ancient Roman; Christianity
Feat:Change of Religion
Dates:2nd C
Visitor and Contact Information
Location:Pergamum, Turkey
Coordinates:39.123152° N, 27.181195° E  (view on Google Maps)
Lodging:View hotels near this location
Note: This information was accurate when first published and we do our best to keep it updated, but details such as opening hours can change without notice. To avoid disappointment, please check with the site directly before making a special trip.

Map of Red Basilica (Temple of Serapis)

Below is a location map and aerial view of Red Basilica (Temple of Serapis). Using the buttons on the left (or the wheel on your mouse), you can zoom in for a closer look, or zoom out to get your bearings. To move around, click and drag the map with your mouse.


  1. Frommer's Turkey, 3rd. ed.
  2. Red Basilica - PlanetWare

More Information

Article Info

Title:Red Basilica (Temple of Serapis), Pergamum
Author:Holly Hayes
Last updated:10/18/2009
Link code:<a href="http://www.sacred-destinations.com/turkey/bergama-red-basilica/turkey/bergama-red-basilica">Red Basilica (Temple of Serapis), Pergamum</a>