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  4. Eyup Mosque and Mausoleum

Eyup Mosque and Mausoleum, Istanbul

Photo © Helen Betts. View all images in our Eyup Mosque and Mausoleum Photo Gallery.
Photo © Helen Betts.
Photo © Dick Osseman.

The Eyüp Sultan Mosque is the holiest site in Istanbul and one of the most sacred places in the Islamic world.

History

The mosque was erected by Mehmet the Conqueror over the tomb of Halid bin Zeyd Ebu Eyyûb (known as Eyüp Sultan), the standard bearer for the Prophet Mohammed as well as the last survivor of his inner circle of trusted companions.

It is popularly accepted that while serving as commander of the Arab forces during the siege of 668 to 669, Eyüp was killed and buried on the outskirts of the city. One of the conditions of peace after the Arab siege was that the tomb of Eyüp be preserved.

The burial site was "discovered" during Mehmet the Conqueror's siege on the city, although the tomb is mentioned in written accounts as early as the 12th century.

A little village of tombs mushroomed on the spot by those seeking Eyüp Sultan's intervention in the hereafter, and it's still considered a privilege to be buried in the nearby cemeteries.

The Girding of the Sword ceremony was traditionally held here. In this Ottoman enthronement rite, Osman Gazi's sword was passed on, maintaining continuity within the dynasty as well as creating a connection with the Turk's early ideal of Holy War.

What to See

Eyüp is a popular spot animated by the small bazaar nearby, crowds relaxing by the spray of the fountains, and little boys in blue and white satin celebrating their impending circumcisions. Unfortunately, it's a natural magnet for beggars as well.

The baroque mosque replaces the original that was destroyed in the earthquake of 1766, but the real attraction here is the türbe, a sacred burial site that draws masses of pilgrims waiting in line to stand in the presence of the contents of the solid silver sarcophagus or meditate in prayer.

Quick Facts on Eyup Mosque and Mausoleum

Site Information
Names:Eyup Mosque and Mausoleum
City:Istanbul
Country:Turkey
Categories:Mosques
Faiths:Islam
Feat:Holiest
Styles:Ottoman
Status:active
Visitor and Contact Information
Location:Istanbul, Turkey
Coordinates:41.048039° N, 28.933718° E  (view on Google Maps)
Lodging:View hotels near this location
Note: This information was accurate when first published and we do our best to keep it updated, but details such as opening hours can change without notice. To avoid disappointment, please check with the site directly before making a special trip.

Map of Eyup Mosque and Mausoleum

Below is a location map and aerial view of Eyup Mosque and Mausoleum. Using the buttons on the left (or the wheel on your mouse), you can zoom in for a closer look, or zoom out to get your bearings. To move around, click and drag the map with your mouse.

More Information

Article Info

Title:Eyup Mosque and Mausoleum, Istanbul
Author:Holly Hayes
Last updated:10/25/2009
Permalink:www.sacred-destinations.com/turkey/istanbul-eyup-sultan-mosque/turkey/istanbul-eyup-sultan-mosque
Link code:<a href="http://www.sacred-destinations.com/turkey/istanbul-eyup-sultan-mosque/turkey/istanbul-eyup-sultan-mosque">Eyup Mosque and Mausoleum, Istanbul</a>