Hagia Eirene, Istanbul
Hagia Eirene (Basilica of Holy Peace, Turkish: Aya Irini Kilisesi) stands on what is thought to be the oldest place of Christian worship in Istanbul. Today it is located within the Topkapi Palace complex, close to the Hagia Sophia.
Within a decade of the Ottoman conquest of the city in 1453, Hagia Eirene had been incorporated into the Topkapi Palace and used (perhaps ironically, given the name) as an arsenal. It was one of very few former Byzantine churches not to have been turned into a mosque.
Today Hagia Eirene, which has excellent acoustics, hosts concerts during the Istanbul Music Festival.
What to See
Hagia Eirene is well worth seeing, as it preserves several interesting features not seen in Istanbul's other Byzantine churches. In the apse are the synthronon, five rows of built-in, theater-style seats for use by clergy during services.
In the apse itself is a large mosaic of a simple black cross on a gold background, dating from the iconoclastic period in the 8th century, when all figurative images were forbidden.
In the back of the church is a cloister-like courtyard where deceased Byzantine emperors once lay in their porphyry sarcophagi. Most of these have been moved to the Istanbul Archaeological Museum.
Quick Facts on Hagia Eirene
|Names:||Basilica of Holy Peace; Hagia Eirene; Hagia Eirene, Istanbul|
|Visitor and Contact Information|
|Coordinates:||41.009670° N, 28.981097° E (view on Google Maps)|
|Lodging:||View hotels near this location|
Map of Hagia Eirene
Below is a location map and aerial view of Hagia Eirene. Using the buttons on the left (or the wheel on your mouse), you can zoom in for a closer look, or zoom out to get your bearings. To move around, click and drag the map with your mouse.
|Title:||Hagia Eirene, Istanbul|
|Link code:||<a href="http://www.sacred-destinations.com/turkey/istanbul-hagia-eirene/turkey/istanbul-hagia-sophia">Hagia Eirene, Istanbul</a>|