1. Sacred Destinations
  2. Uzbekistan
  3. Bukhara
  4. Kalon Mosque and Minaret

Kalon Mosque and Minaret, Bukhara

Photo © Henrik Moltke. View all images in our Kalon Mosque and Minaret Photo Gallery.
Photo © Night Eulen.
Photo © Night Eulen.
Photo © Night Eulen.
Photo © N Creatures.
Photo © upyernoz.

One of the most impressive monuments in Bukhara, the 12th-century Kalon Minaret can be climbed for fine views over the city. Next to it is the 16th-century Kalon Mosque, built on the site of an earlier mosque.

History

The Kalon Minaret was built by the Karakhanid ruler Arslan Khan in 1127. According to legend, Arslan Khan had killed an imam in a quarrel. That night, the imam appeared to him in a dream and said: "You have killed me, now oblige me by laying my head on a spot where nobody can tread." Thus the minaret was built over his grave.

When it was built, the Kalon Minaret (whose name means "great" in Tajik) was probably the tallest building in Central Asia. It stands 47m tall and is supported by 10km-deep foundations padded with reeds for earthquake-proofing. In 850 years, it has never needed any structural repairs.

In addition to its main purpose as a minaret, the Kalon Minaret served as a watchtower and a guide to approaching caravans on the Silk Route. In the 18th and 19th centuries, it had more grim use: men condemned by the emir were hurled to their deaths from the top.

Genghis Khan is said to have been so impressed by the minaret that he ordered it spared. He did, however, destroy the original mosque that stood next to it.

The present Kalon Mosque was built in the 16th century. It was used as a warehouse in Soviet times and only reopened as a working mosque in 1991.

What to See

The Kalon Minaret has 14 ornamental bands, each of them different. They include the first use of the glazed blue tiles that became ubiquitous across Central Asia. Slightly lighter patches can be seen on the south and east sides, which were damaged by artillery in 1920.

You can climb the minaret for excellent views over the center of Bukhara. The 105 stairs are accessible from the Kalon Mosque.

The congregational Kalon Mosque can house 10,000 worshippers. Its roof looks flat but actually consists of 288 domes.

Quick Facts on Kalon Mosque and Minaret

Site Information
Names:Kalon Mosque; Kalon Mosque, Bukhara
City:Bukhara
Country:Uzbekistan
Categories:Mosques
Faiths:Islam
Dates:16th C
Visitor and Contact Information
Location:Bukhara, Uzbekistan
Coordinates:39.775635° N, 64.415267° E  (view on Google Maps)
Lodging:View hotels near this location
Note: This information was accurate when first published and we do our best to keep it updated, but details such as opening hours can change without notice. To avoid disappointment, please check with the site directly before making a special trip.

Map of Kalon Mosque and Minaret

Below is a location map and aerial view of Kalon Mosque and Minaret. Using the buttons on the left (or the wheel on your mouse), you can zoom in for a closer look, or zoom out to get your bearings. To move around, click and drag the map with your mouse.

References

  1. Lonely Planet Central Asia, 213.
  2. Minaret Kalian - Bukhara.net

More Information

Article Info

Title:Kalon Mosque and Minaret, Bukhara
Author:Holly Hayes
Last updated:08/16/2009
Permalink:www.sacred-destinations.com/uzbekistan/bukhara-kalon-minaret/uzbekistan/bukhara-kalon-minaret
Link code:<a href="http://www.sacred-destinations.com/uzbekistan/bukhara-kalon-minaret/uzbekistan/bukhara-kalon-minaret">Kalon Mosque and Minaret, Bukhara</a>