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Monuments

Below is an illustrated index of the 15 Monuments profiled on Sacred Destinations so far. For photo credits, please see corresponding articles.



  • Axum Stelae Field
    Axum, Ethiopia
    Dating from around 300-500 AD, the famous Axum stelae probably predate the arrival of Christianity. Their purpose is almost certainly religious, but the details are not known for certain.
  • Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe
    Berlin, Germany
    This unique Holocaust memorial was unveiled in May 2005. Spread over a large site in central Berlin, it consists of about 2,700 concrete steles arranged in a grid pattern.
  • Bighorn Medicine Wheel
    Wyoming, USA
    Aligned with the stars in the Wyoming mountains around 700 years ago, Bighorn is the most important of several medicine wheels in the American West.
  • Monument to Jewish Martyrs
    Brussels, Belgium
    Located in a neighborhood in Anderlecht, this moving memorial consists of a platform centering on a menorah made of chains and a wall bearing the names of 23,838 Belgian Jews who were killed in the Holocaust.
  • Dazu Rock Carvings
    Sichuan, China
    These magnificent Buddhist sculptures were carved in stone cliffs around Dazu, Szechuan province, between 892 and 1245. They are a World Heritage Site for their importance to Buddhist art.
  • Luther Monument
    Eisleben, Germany
    A large, Romantic-era statue of Martin Luther in the middle of Eisleben's main square. The four sides of the base are adorned with bas-relief scenes of his life.
  • Library of Celsus
    Ephesus, Turkey
    The facade of the Library of Celsus is one of the most spectacular sights in Ephesus. Built by a Roman in memory of his father, it faces east so the reading rooms receive the morning light.
  • Reformation Wall
    Geneva, Switzerland
    This huge monument was constructed in 1917 to commemorate Geneva's significant role in the Reformation. It features an array of stone statues, bas-reliefs and inscriptions.
  • Colossi of Memnon
    Luxor, Egypt
    The first main sight across the Nile from Luxor are these two massive stone statues of Pharaoh Amenhotep III. For 3,400 years, they have guarded his mortuary temple.
  • Martyrs' Memorial
    Oxford, England
    This grand memorial spire in the center of Oxford commemorates the Oxford executions of Archbishop Thomas Cranmer and other bishops under "Bloody" Queen Mary.
  • The Siq
    Petra, Jordan
    Visitors to Petra begin their exploration with a walk (or donkey ride) through this dramatic sandstone canyon dotted with Nabatean carvings and monuments like the Obelisk Tomb.
  • Leaning Tower of Pisa
    Pisa, Italy
    One of Europe's great icons, the Leaning Tower of Pisa is the campanile (bell tower) of Pisa Cathedral. In addition to its astonishing lean, the tower is notable for its magnificent Romanesque arcading.
  • Arch of Titus
    Rome, Italy
    Located near the entrance to the imperial Forum, this arch contains a relief depicting the destruction and looting of the Jewish temple in Jerusalem by the Romans in 70 AD.
  • Heylshofgarten
    Worms, Germany
    The Imperial Palace where Luther stood his ground and was declared an outlaw in 1521 was destroyed in 1689. The site is occupied by the Heylshofgarten, where a plaque commemorates the great Reformation event.
  • Luther Monument
    Worms, Germany
    Erected in 1868 and funded by Lutherans around the world, this is the largest Reformation monument ever built. Situated in a purpose-built park, it includes statues of Luther, his contemporaries and his forerunners.