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Kushinagar

Photo © Prince Roy. View all images in our Kushinagar Photo Gallery.
Photo © Prince Roy.
Photo © Prince Roy.
Photo © Tomas Cunzolo.

Kushinagar (also spelled Kusinagar or Kusinara) is the site of the Buddha Shakyamuni's death. It is located next to Kasia, a rural town in the state of Uttar Pradesh, 52 km from Gorakhpur, in northern India.

Kushinagar is one of the four major pilgrimage destinations said to have been authorized by the Buddha himself. The other three sites are: Lumbini (birth); Bodh Gaya (enlightenment); and Sarnath (first teaching).

History

Kushinagar was a celebrated center of the Malla kingdom of ancient India. At this location, near the Hiranyavati River, Gautama Buddha attained Parinirvana (passed away), and was cremated.

Many of the ruined stupas and viharas at Kushinagara date back to 3rd century BC to the 5th century AD when prosperity was at its peak. The Mauryan emperor Ashoka is known to have contributed to significant construction at this site.

Prior to its rediscovery in the nineteenth century, there was a silence of more than half a millennium at Kasia. Due possibily to violent invasions, Kushinagar lost its vitality and eventually was neglected. The notable Buddha Temple, when rediscovered, was covered in a 40 foot high mound of bricks surrounded by a dense thorny forest.

Excavations began in the late 1800s and many important remnants of the main site such as the Matha Kuar and Ramabhar stupa were unveiled.

What to See

Today, Kushinagar is a much-frequented pilgrimage site, especially for Buddhists from Asian countries.

Temples have been constructed on the site by Chinese, Sri Lankan, Thai, and Japanese Buddhists alongside the ruins of ancient monasteries and stupas. Temples and sights at Kushinagar include:

Quick Facts on Kushinagar

Site Information
Names:Kushinagar; Kusinara
City:Kushinagar
State:Uttar Pradesh
Country:India
Categories:Temples
Faiths:Buddhism
Feat:Footsteps of the Buddha
Visitor and Contact Information
Location:Kushinagar, India
Coordinates:26.739133° N, 83.890829° E  (view on Google Maps)
Lodging:View hotels near this location
Note: This information was accurate when first published and we do our best to keep it updated, but details such as opening hours can change without notice. To avoid disappointment, please check with the site directly before making a special trip.

Map of Kushinagar

Below is a location map and aerial view of Kushinagar. Using the buttons on the left (or the wheel on your mouse), you can zoom in for a closer look, or zoom out to get your bearings. To move around, click and drag the map with your mouse.

More Information

Article Info

Title:Kushinagar
Author:Holly Hayes
Last updated:08/08/2009
Permalink:www.sacred-destinations.com/india/kushinagar
Link code:<a href="http://www.sacred-destinations.com/india/kushinagar">Kushinagar</a>