The Church of St. Simeon is a well-preserved 5th-century church in Qal'a Sim'an, an isolated site 60 km from Aleppo, Syria. It is built on the site of the pillar of St. Simeon Stylites, a famed hermit monk.
St. Simeon was born in 386 AD in a village in the Amanus Mountains. He joined a monastery in this area, but soon decided to seek the religious life alone as a hermit monk. He chose not to live not in a cave, but at the top of a pillar 12 to 18 meters high! He soon attracted great crowds who came from far and near to hear him preach twice a day.
After 37 years atop his pillar, St. Simeon died in 459. His body was ceremoniously escorted to Antioch by seven bishops and several hundred soldiers, followed by a throng of devoted followers. Simeon's grave in Antioch became a major site of pilgrimage, and so did his pillar on the rocky bluff where he had spent the last four decades of his life.
Within just a few decades (c.475), a vast martyrium was built in Simeon's honor on this site. It consisted of four basilicas radiating from the sides of a central octagon, within which was enshrined the famous column.
The 5,000 square meters of floor space was nearly equal to that of the Hagia Sophia in Constantinople. Yet, quite unlike Hagia Sophia, the Church of St. Simeon was (and is) perched atop a barren hill 60 km from the nearest city. But it was not isolated: the church was only one part of a huge, walled complex that included a monastery, two lesser churches, and several large hostels.
What to See
See our Church of St. Simeon Photo Gallery for a virtual wander through the ruins.
St. Simeon's pillar can still be seen in the center of the courtyard, although it is now only a 2 meter-high boulder due to centuries of relic-gathering by pilgrims. The courtyard is surrounded by four basilicas on a cruciform plan.
The east basilica is slightly larger than the others; it was the most important and held all the major ceremonies. Adjacent to the south wall of the eastern basilica is the chapel and the monastery.
Opposite the southern basilica is the baptistery, which was built a little after the main church but is an important part of the pilgrimage complex. To the west of the baptistery is the processional route that leads towards Deir Samaan.
There is a beautiful view of the surrounding countryside from just about anywhere at the site.
Quick Facts on the Qal'a Sim'an
|Names:||Church of St. Simeon; Church of St. Simeon, Qal'a Sim'an|
|cat:||Dead Cities of Syria|
|Visitor and Contact Information|
|Coordinates:||36.334198° N, 36.844196° E (view on Google Maps)|
|Lodging:||View hotels near this location|
Map of the Qal'a Sim'an
Below is a location map and aerial view of the Qal'a Sim'an. Using the buttons on the left (or the wheel on your mouse), you can zoom in for a closer look, or zoom out to get your bearings. To move around, click and drag the map with your mouse.
- Evagrius on St. Simeon (AD 431-594) - Medieval Sourcebook
- St. Symeon and the Pillar Saints History of the Christian Church, Volume III: Nicene and Post-Nicene Christianity. A.D. 311-600. Chapter 4, Section 37, by Philip Schaff.
- St. Symeon the Stylite Monastery
- Saint Symeon the Stylite - Orthodox Church in America
- Symeon the Stylite - Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America
- Qal'a Sim'an - Go Historic
- Photos of Qal'a Sim'an - here on Sacred Destinations
|Link code:||<a href="http://www.sacred-destinations.com/syria/st-simeon-church">Qal'a Sim'an</a>|