Synagogue, France

The synagogue of Avignon was first built in 1221. A 13th century oven used to bake unleavened bread for Passover can still be seen, but the rest of the present round, domed, neoclassical structure dates from 1846.


History of Synagogue

The Jewish Quarter was originally northwest of the Place du Palais. In 1221, the Jewish community was transferred to an enclosed quarter in the parish of Saint-Pierre, around the Place Jerusalem. The Jewish ghetto was closed off by three doors (the only one of which remaining is the portal of the Calandre) and the inhabitants were under the protection of the pope.

The Synagogue was built just after the move in 1221. The French Revolution ended the ghetto regulations and most of the houses were torn down in the 19th century.

The synagogue was rebuilt between 1765 and 1767 by architect Franque and sumptuously decorated. This building totally burned down in 1845, but was immediately reconstructed by the care and efforts of the municipality to the plans of the architect J.A. Jeoffroy.

What to See at Synagogue

The synagogue is neo-classical in style, consisting of a simple rotunda covered with a cupola.

Visitors to the synagogue should be modestly dressed and men must cover their heads.

Quick Facts on Synagogue

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Coordinates:43.948362° N, 4.809072° E
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  1. Avignon Synagogue - transcription and translation of plaque at the site

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© Ruth Temple
© Ruth Temple

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