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  4. Cappella Palatina

Cappella Palatina, Palermo

Photo © Rui Ornelas. View all images in our Cappella Palatina Photo Gallery.
Photo © Samuel Landete.
Photo © Adrian Fletcher.
Photo © Adrian Fletcher.
Photo © youngrobv.
Photo © reziemba.
Photo © reziemba.

Located within the Palazzo dei Normanni (Palace of the Normans), the Cappella Palatina (Palatine Chapel) is the finest example of Arab-Norman art in Palermo. Built by Roger II from 1130 to 1140, the chapel is adorned with extraordinary Norman-Byzantine mosaics. Together the palace and its chapel are the greatest attractions of Palermo and the only must-see sight for visitors with limited time.

History

The palace was originally built for the Arab emirs and their harems in the 9th century, on a site earlier occupied by Roman and Punic fortresses.

Eventually abandoned by the Arabs, the palace was fully restored by the conquering Normans. The Palatine Chapel was completed by the Norman king Roger II in 1140.

After the Normans left, the palace fell into serious decay until it was discovered by Spanish viceroys. In 1555, they began to restore it and it became a royal residence once again. Today, the Palazzo dei Normanni is the seat of Sicily's semi-autonomous regional government.

What to See

The Palatine Chapel is comprised of a nave and two aisles divided by tall oval arches (whose pillars are made of granite shipped from the East) and covered with a cupola. The astonishing interior is completely covered in glittering 12th-century mosaics.

The mosaics depict a variety of saints and biblical scenes, some interpreted in unique ways - Adam and Eve are shown with the forbidden fruit in their mouths, already reaching for a second piece. Christ Pantocrator is the central focus, appearing in the apse and the cupola.

The colors of the mosaics have an extraordinary depth and vividness (the effect sometimes achieved by gold-backed tesserae and silver mosaic tiles) and the subjects have a realistic style. The overall effect recalls that of the magnificent Monreale Duomo.

The mosaiced interior is capped by a splendid 10th-century Arab honeycomb stalactite wooden ceiling, painted with biblical stories as well as scenes of Arab and Norman court life - including animal hunts, dances and even a picnic in a harem.

Among notable furnishings are a huge royal throne covered in mosaics near the entrance to the nave, and a 12th-century Paschal candelabrum carved with figures, wild animals, and acanthus leaves.

Quick Facts on Cappella Palatina

Site Information
Names:Cappella Palatina; Cappella Palatina, Palermo; Palatine Chapel
City:Palermo
State:Sicily
Country:Italy
Categories:Royal Chapels; Churches
Faiths:Christianity; Catholic
Feat:Byzantine Mosaics; Arab Influences
Styles:Byzantine; Romanesque
Dates:1140
Status:museum
Visitor and Contact Information
Location:Palermo, Italy
Coordinates:38.110900° N, 13.353600° E  (view on Google Maps)
Lodging:View hotels near this location
Note: This information was accurate when first published and we do our best to keep it updated, but details such as opening hours can change without notice. To avoid disappointment, please check with the site directly before making a special trip.

Map of Cappella Palatina

Below is a location map and aerial view of Cappella Palatina. Using the buttons on the left (or the wheel on your mouse), you can zoom in for a closer look, or zoom out to get your bearings. To move around, click and drag the map with your mouse.

References

  1. Palazzo dei Normanni (Palace of the Normans) - Frommer's Sicily
  2. Palazzo Reale - Fodor's Sicily

More Information

Article Info

Title:Cappella Palatina, Palermo
Author:Holly Hayes
Last updated:07/09/2010
Permalink:www.sacred-destinations.com/italy/palermo-cappella-palatina/italy/palermo
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