Oude Kerk
Located alongside a canal in the Red Light District, the Oude Kerk is the oldest monument in Amsterdam, dating from 1250. Inside it has painted wooden ceilings, box pews and choir stalls with misericords.
Museum Amstelkring
This Catholic church in a canal house of the Red Light District is the only surviving schuilkerken(clandestine church) that dates from the Reformation, when open Catholic worship was outlawed.
Dating from the early 14th century, this picturesque enclosed courtyard contains a Reformed Church and hidden Catholic chapel. It provides a serene oasis in the center of the city.
Hooglandse Kerk
Located on high ground, the cross-shaped Highlands Church was founded in the 14th century. Although emptied of its art by Calvinists, its elegant architecture and tombstones are worth seeing.
The Pieterskerk (St. Peter's Church) is a Gothic church built between 1390 and 1565 and now deconsecrated. Several Leiden notables are buried here, including Pilgrim pastor John Robinson, theologian Jacobus Arminius and painter Jan Steen.
Beautiful enough to have inspired both Sir Christopher Wren and Monet, the 17th-century Zuiderkerk (South Church) was Amsterdam's first Protestant church.
Jewish Historical Museum
Housed in the 17th-century Great Synagogue of Amsterdam, this excellent museum displays Jewish art, religious objects, historical artifacts, and multimedia presentations.
Anne Frank House
During WW II, eight people from three families lived together in this house in near total silence for more than two years. Visiting the rooms where Anne Frank hid is a moving experience that brings her familiar words to life.