Built in 1656 and reconstructed after an 1868 earthquake, Arequipa Cathedral is a fine example of Spanish colonial architecture but is especially notable for its immense size. Its huge facade dominates an entire side of the Plaza de Armas in the center of the city. Inside is the largest organ in South America, a gift from Belgium.
The main draw of this archaeological museum is its collection of Inca mummies. The museum is housed in a splendid colonial mansion, which was built over an Inca palace.
La Compañía de Jesús
The elegant Church of the Society of Jesus rivals Cusco's cathedral in grandeur. Like the cathedral, it was also built on the site of an important ancient palace, that of the Inca Huayna Cpac.
Designed by Pizarro himself, this immense baroque cathedral also contains the conqueror's tomb.
A high plateau in southern Peru is home to the remarkable Nazca Lines - giant earth drawings of a hummingbird, monkey, spider, lizard, and other shapes created between 200 BC and 600 AD.
Santa Catalina Convent and Museum
The Monasterio y Museo de Arte de Santa Catalina was built between 1601 and 1610 over the ruins of the ancient Acllawasi, the "House of the Sun Virgins." It has fine frescoes and a good collection of paintings.
Museo de Arte Religioso
Housed in a handsome archbishop's palace, the Museum of Religious Art contains a variety of colonial religious paintings.
Koricancha and Santo Domingo
The combined sacred sites of Koricancha and Santo Domingo vividly illustrate ancient Andean culture's collision with Western Europe. The extraordinarily crafted Temple of the Sun at Koricancha was the most sumptuous temple in the Inca Empire, and part of the Dominican cloister has now been removed to reveal its architecture.