Mount Sinai (or Jebel Musa or Mount Moses) in Egypt is the traditional site where Moses received the Ten Commandments from God. At the summit are small chapels and spectacular sunrise views.
Near Karnak and also dedicated to Amun is the huge Luxor Temple, dating from the 1300s BC. It is full of monumental statues, tall walls and ancient carvings, and is beautifully lit at night.
Ibn Tulun Mosque
Built by Ahmad Ibn Tulun in 879, this is the oldest mosque in Egypt and the third largest in the world. It is also famed for its lovely architecture and unique minaret.
Dedicated primarily to Pharaoh Amun, this vast temple complex in Luxor was begun around 1600 BC. It is an impressive sight and second only to the Great Pyramids of Giza in popularity.
The Citadel was built in the 12th century by Saladin and his successors, using the most advanced construction techniques of the age. For the next 700 years, Egypt was ruled from this hill.
St. Paul's Monastery
This ancient monastery marks the burial place of St. Paul of Thebes, a hermit who moved to the desert around 250 AD. The monastery has three churches and many important manuscripts.
Temple of Hatshepsut
This three-tiered mortuary temple is dedicated to Hatshepsut, a female pharaoh who reigned 1503-1482 BC. Built against a cliff face, the great complex contains ancient statues and carvings.
Philae Island is home to the great Temple of Isis, a major place of pilgrimage in the ancient world and one of the last sanctuaries to be converted to Christianity.