Egypt

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Ibn Tulun Mosque
Built by Ahmad Ibn Tulun in 879, this is the oldest mosque in Egypt and the third largest in the world. It is also famed for its lovely architecture and unique minaret.
Karnak Temple
Dedicated primarily to Pharaoh Amun, this vast temple complex in Luxor was begun around 1600 BC. It is an impressive sight and second only to the Great Pyramids of Giza in popularity.
Mount Sinai
Mount Sinai (or Jebel Musa or Mount Moses) in Egypt is the traditional site where Moses received the Ten Commandments from God. At the summit are small chapels and spectacular sunrise views.
Luxor Temple
Near Karnak and also dedicated to Amun is the huge Luxor Temple, dating from the 1300s BC. It is full of monumental statues, tall walls and ancient carvings, and is beautifully lit at night.
Step Pyramid of Djoser
The Step Pyramid at Djoser was the first of the Egyptian pyramids to be built. Its architect, Imhotep, was later deified and identified with the Greek god of healing, Asclepius.
St. Mercurius Church
This interesting Coptic church off the beaten track in Old Cairo is dedicated to the "saint of two swords."
Chaar Hachamaim Synagogue
The concrete Art Deco exterior of this early 20th-century synagogue hides an interior of exquisite stained-glass windows and light fixtures rumored to be from Tiffany's.
Kom Ombo Temple
The Temple of Sobek (the crocodile god) and Haroeris (a form of Horus) in Kom Ombo dates from about 180 BC during the Ptolemaic era, with additions made into Roman times.