Mount Sinai (or Jebel Musa or Mount Moses) in Egypt is the traditional site where Moses received the Ten Commandments from God. At the summit are small chapels and spectacular sunrise views.
Near Karnak and also dedicated to Amun is the huge Luxor Temple, dating from the 1300s BC. It is full of monumental statues, tall walls and ancient carvings, and is beautifully lit at night.
Ibn Tulun Mosque
Built by Ahmad Ibn Tulun in 879, this is the oldest mosque in Egypt and the third largest in the world. It is also famed for its lovely architecture and unique minaret.
Dedicated primarily to Pharaoh Amun, this vast temple complex in Luxor was begun around 1600 BC. It is an impressive sight and second only to the Great Pyramids of Giza in popularity.
Philae Island is home to the great Temple of Isis, a major place of pilgrimage in the ancient world and one of the last sanctuaries to be converted to Christianity.
This is a spectacularly modern reincarnation of the famed ancient Library of Alexandria, the center of learning in the Greek world.
Valley of the Kings
This famed valley on the West Bank of the Nile was the burial place for pharaohs and nobles from 1539 BC to 1075 BC. It contains some 60 tombs, including the famous King Tut's Tomb.
Built by Pharaoh Sneferu, the Bent Pyramid was the first true pyramid, as opposed to a step pyramid. Its unusual angle probably results from a necessary last-minute adjustment to the angle.