Egypt

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Mount Sinai
Mount Sinai (or Jebel Musa or Mount Moses) in Egypt is the traditional site where Moses received the Ten Commandments from God. At the summit are small chapels and spectacular sunrise views.
Luxor Temple
Near Karnak and also dedicated to Amun is the huge Luxor Temple, dating from the 1300s BC. It is full of monumental statues, tall walls and ancient carvings, and is beautifully lit at night.
Ibn Tulun Mosque
Built by Ahmad Ibn Tulun in 879, this is the oldest mosque in Egypt and the third largest in the world. It is also famed for its lovely architecture and unique minaret.
Karnak Temple
Dedicated primarily to Pharaoh Amun, this vast temple complex in Luxor was begun around 1600 BC. It is an impressive sight and second only to the Great Pyramids of Giza in popularity.
Temple of Hathor
Dendera was an ancient healing center dedicated to Hathor, wife of Horus. Built in Roman times, its temple decorations depict Roman emperors alongside Egyptian gods.
Serapeum
Very little remains of the great Temple of Serapis, the most important sacred site in ancient Alexandria. It was infamously destroyed by Bishop Theophilus in 391 AD.
Abydos
For the Egyptians, Abydos was one of the holiest sites in the world. It was the cult center of the god Osiris and the gateway to the underworld, and therefore a popular place of pilgrimage and burial.
Medinet Habu
Erected around 1180 BC, this is the Mortuary Temple of Ramses III, a huge complex second only to Karnak in size and better preserved. It has a huge pylon and many reliefs, plus an older temple by Hatshepsut.