Mount Sinai (or Jebel Musa or Mount Moses) in Egypt is the traditional site where Moses received the Ten Commandments from God. At the summit are small chapels and spectacular sunrise views.
Near Karnak and also dedicated to Amun is the huge Luxor Temple, dating from the 1300s BC. It is full of monumental statues, tall walls and ancient carvings, and is beautifully lit at night.
Ibn Tulun Mosque
Built by Ahmad Ibn Tulun in 879, this is the oldest mosque in Egypt and the third largest in the world. It is also famed for its lovely architecture and unique minaret.
Dedicated primarily to Pharaoh Amun, this vast temple complex in Luxor was begun around 1600 BC. It is an impressive sight and second only to the Great Pyramids of Giza in popularity.
For the Egyptians, Abydos was one of the holiest sites in the world. It was the cult center of the god Osiris and the gateway to the underworld, and therefore a popular place of pilgrimage and burial.
Erected around 1180 BC, this is the Mortuary Temple of Ramses III, a huge complex second only to Karnak in size and better preserved. It has a huge pylon and many reliefs, plus an older temple by Hatshepsut.
Colossi of Memnon
The first main sight across the Nile from Luxor are these two massive stone statues of Pharaoh Amenhotep III. For 3,400 years, they have guarded his mortuary temple.
Mastaba of Mereruka
Built for a pharaoh's vizier c.2200 BC, the Mastaba (flat-topped tomb) of Mereruka has 32 rooms and featured detailed decoration inside.