Syria

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Great Mosque of Damascus (Umayyad Mosque)
This historic 7th-century mosque stands on a site that has been sacred since 1000 BC. It has medieval mosaics on the facade and a shrine to John the Baptist inside.
Apamea
This ancient city features an exceptionally long Roman street and other classical ruins. In the Byzantine era, it was home to Evagrius the church historian, Theodoret the bishop, and Monophysitism.
Dura Europos
This important archaeological site has been called the Pompeii of the Syrian Desert. It was abandoned in the 3rd century and is home to the oldest surviving house-church and synagogue ever found.
Mar Mousa al-Habashi Monastery
The Monastery of Mar Mousa al-Habashi is an active monastery in the Syrian mountains that dates from the 6th century. It was founded by St. Moses the Ethiopian and is known for its beautiful ancient frescoes and peaceful atmosphere.
Kharab Shams
Located on the eastern slopes of the Jebel Sima'an not far from the Aleppo-Azaz road, Kharab Shams has a very well preserved Byzantine basilica dating from the 5th century AD.
Bosra
This southern Syrian city's most impressive feature is its well-preserved Roman theater complete with tall stage buildings. There are also early Christian ruins and several old mosques within its great walls.
Seidnaya
This hillside town 20 miles north of Damascus is crowned by a 6th-century monastery dedicated to the Nativity of the Virgin Mary. It contains a miraculous icon painted by St. Luke, and attracts Christian and Muslim pilgrims seeking healing.
Great Mosque of Aleppo
This Umayyad mosque was founded just 10 years after its more famous counterpart in Damascus. Recently restored to gleaming beauty, it is notable for its geometric courtyard paving and shrine of Zechariah.