Great Mosque of Damascus (Umayyad Mosque)
This historic 7th-century mosque stands on a site that has been sacred since 1000 BC. It has medieval mosaics on the facade and a shrine to John the Baptist inside.
This ancient city features an exceptionally long Roman street and other classical ruins. In the Byzantine era, it was home to Evagrius the church historian, Theodoret the bishop, and Monophysitism.
Dura Europos
This important archaeological site has been called the Pompeii of the Syrian Desert. It was abandoned in the 3rd century and is home to the oldest surviving house-church and synagogue ever found.
Straight Street
his historic street is as straight today as when it was walked by St. Paul. Today it contains many markets, the House of Ananias, several Roman arches and mosques.
Ugarit is a Bronze Age city (c.1450-1200 BC) whose ruins lie on the Mediterranean coast of Syria. Excavations have revealed the world's first linear alphabet and information about Canaanite religion.
Mar Mousa al-Habashi Monastery
The Monastery of Mar Mousa al-Habashi is an active monastery in the Syrian mountains that dates from the 6th century. It was founded by St. Moses the Ethiopian and is known for its beautiful ancient frescoes and peaceful atmosphere.
Kharab Shams
Located on the eastern slopes of the Jebel Sima'an not far from the Aleppo-Azaz road, Kharab Shams has a very well preserved Byzantine basilica dating from the 5th century AD.
This southern Syrian city's most impressive feature is its well-preserved Roman theater complete with tall stage buildings. There are also early Christian ruins and several old mosques within its great walls.