Turkey

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Cathedral of the Holy Cross
The Church of the Holy Cross on Akdamar Island is a ruined Armenian cathedral dating from 921 AD. Beautifully situated on Lake Van, the church is famed for its fascinating medieval sculptures.
Temple of Artemis
In ancient times it was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, but today the Temple of Artemis is represented by a single column standing in a swamp.
House of the Virgin
Discovered in a vision by a bedridden German nun in 1812, this stone building is believed by many Catholics and Muslims to be where the Virgin Mary lived her last years. There is also a healing fountain.
Cybele Altar
An ancient altar from the time of the Lydian King Croesus (6th cent. BC), the Altar of Cybele (the Mother Goddess) is located next to the gold refineries and features two crouching lions.
Alaeddin Mosque
Located on the site of Iconium's acropolis, this is the largest and oldest mosque in Konya. It was constructed by the Seljuk Sultan of Rum in 1221 and contains the tombs of a dozen Seljuk sultans.
Temple of Hadrian
This attractive Roman imperial temple was constructed in 118 AD and reconstructed in the fifth century. Its tympanum bears an interesting frieze that may depict Medusa.
Asklepion
Pergamum's 2nd-century Asklepion was a famed temple and medical center dedicated to Asklepius, the god of healing. Some treatments used a sacred water source that was later discovered to have radioactive properties.
Isabey Mosque
The Isabey Mosque was built in 1375 at the direction of the Emir of Aydin. It incorporates columns and stones recycled from the ruins of Ephesus and the Temple of Artemis.