Turkey

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Temple of Artemis
In ancient times it was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, but today the Temple of Artemis is represented by a single column standing in a swamp.
House of the Virgin
Discovered in a vision by a bedridden German nun in 1812, this stone building is believed by many Catholics and Muslims to be where the Virgin Mary lived her last years. There is also a healing fountain.
Cathedral of the Holy Cross
The Church of the Holy Cross on Akdamar Island is a ruined Armenian cathedral dating from 921 AD. Beautifully situated on Lake Van, the church is famed for its fascinating medieval sculptures.
Church of Sts. Sergius and Bacchus
Commissioned by Justinian in the first year of his reign (527), this was an important stage in the development of Byzantine architecture. It is now a mosque known as the "Little Hagia Sophia."
Fatih Camii
Originally built in 1470, this mosque was entirely rebuilt in 1766 after an earthquake. It shelters the tomb of Fatih Mehmet the Conqueror.
Miletus Archaeological Site
The coastal town of Miletus was one of the most important cities in Greek Asia Minor until its harbors silted up. The famous architect Isidore was born in Miletus, and St. Paul stopped here on his Third Missionary Journey. There are many well-preserved ruins to be seen at the site, including an impressive theater, a Temple of Apollo, and two agoras.
Beyazit Camii
Located near Istanbul University, this is one of the oldest mosques in the city. It was built in 1506 using materials from Theodosius' forum, over which it was constructed.
Sardis Synagogue
Dating from the 3rd century AD, the ancient synagogue of Sardis was the largest outside Palestine. Some walls still remain and it has a splendid floor mosaic.