Abbaye aux Dames, Caen

The Abbaye-aux-Dames (Ladies' Abbey) in Caen was founded by Queen Mathilda, the wife of William the Conqueror, in 1062.


History of the Abbaye aux Dames

William the Conqueror and his wife Matilda founded two abbeys in Caen, one for men and one for women, in expiation of their uncanonical marriage (they were cousins). Matilda's abbey, the Abbey-aux-Dames, was founded in 1062 and dedicated in 1066, the year her husband conquered England. The queen was buried in the choir in 1083.

The original spires of the abbey church were destroyed in the Hundred Years' War and replaced with the present short towers in the early 18th century. The abbey buildings, which were rebuilt in the 18th century, functioned for a time as a hospital. They were beautifully restored in the 1980s by the Regional Council, who now use them as offices.

What to See at the Abbaye aux Dames

The abbey's Eglise de la Trinité (Trinity Church) is a fine example of 11th-century Romanesque architecture. The long nave is plain, with tall round arches typical of Norman Romanesque churches. The choir, the vault and the upper levels of the nave date from the early 12th century. Queen Matilda is buried under a slab of black marble in the choir.

As the headquarters of the Regional Council, the 18th-century abbey buildings are mostly closed to the public. However, the arcaded courtyard and ground-floor reception rooms can be viewed during free guided tours.

Quick Facts on the Abbaye aux Dames

Site Information
Names:Abbaye aux Dames · Ladies' Abbey
Categories:churches; monasteries
Dedication: Holy Trinity
Status: privately owned
Visitor and Contact Information
Coordinates:49.186349° N, 0.353006° W
Address:Pl. de la Reine-Mathilde
Caen, France
Hours:Daily 9am-6pm
Lodging:View hotels near the Abbaye aux Dames
Note: This information was accurate when first published and we do our best to keep it updated, but details such as opening hours and prices can change without notice. To avoid disappointment, please check with the site directly before making a special trip.


  1. Kenneth John Conant, Carolingian and Romanesque Architecture 800-1200 (Pelican History of Art) (Yale University Press, 1993), 447-48.
  2. Abbaye aux Dames - Fodor's France
  3. Abbaye aux Dames - Frommer's France
  4. Abbaye aux Dames - Rough Guide France

More Information

© Google
© Tango7174
Carte postale © [le]doo (francis)
© Pascal Radigue
© Parapluie
Interior view of the church, looking west. © b.roveran
Collection: A. D. White Architectural Photographs, Cornell University Library... © Cornell University Library
© Karldupart

Map of the Abbaye aux Dames, Caen

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