Cologne (German: Köln) is the largest city in the Rhineland region of Germany, with a population of about 1 million. It is located 17 miles north of Bonn and 117 miles northwest of Frankfurt. Cologne's population is 43% Roman Catholic, 18% Protestant and 39% nonreligious or other. Cologne is best known for its magnificent Gothic cathedral, which was once the tallest building in the world. But Cologne is also so rich in antiquity that every time a new foundation is dug, the excavators come up with archaeological finds.
Extensive bombing during World War II seriously damaged nearly all the buildings of the Old Town, but the cathedral was mostly spared and the old churches have all been lovingly restored. Today, Cologne is a bustling modern city with much to see, from ancient Roman artifacts to magnificent Romanesque churches. Cologne has 31 museums, with exhibits ranging from archeological findings to contemporary art. Most recently, Cologne hosted the 2005 World Youth Festival, attended by German native Pope Benedict XVI.
- Cologne Map Our detailed, interactive city map of Cologne, showing the location of sacred sites and religious attractions.
- Cologne Photos Our galleries of hand-selected photos of religious sites in Cologne.
- Cologne Books Selected travel guides and other books on Cologne.
- Cologne Sightseeing Tours Save money and time by booking sightseeing tours and excursions in Cologne before you leave home.
- Cologne Hotels Search availability, read reviews, browse photos, view a map and book a room in Cologne at the guaranteed lowest price.
Sacred Sites and Religious Attractions in Cologne
Cologne CathedralThis is easily the greatest Gothic cathedral in Germany and it has been Cologne's most famous landmark for centuries. Once the tallest building in the world, it still has the largest facade anywhere.
St. Gereon ChurchBuilt in the 11th and 13th centuries, St. Gereon has an unusual decagonal-shaped nave topped with a great dome. It houses numerous medieval murals, rare Romanesque mosaics, and the tomb of St. Gereon.
St. Maria im KapitolBuilt over the site of a Roman temple, the plan of the 11th-century church echoes that of the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem.
St. Pantaleon ChurchSt. Pantaleon is one of the oldest of the Romanesque churches in Cologne. Dedicated to a Greek martyr and built over the ruins of a Roman villa, the present building dates from 996.