Red Basilica (Temple of Serapis), Bergama

The Kizil Avlu (Red Basilica or Red Hall) of Bergama is one impressive pile of red brick.


History of Red Basilica (Temple of Serapis)

The massive structure was built in the early 2nd century (under Hadrian) as a temple to the popular Egyptian god Serapis. It was later (4th-5th centuries) converted into a Byzantine church.

The Red Basilica was destroyed in the Arab raids of 716 to 717 AD, after which a smaller church was built within the ruins.

What to See at Red Basilica (Temple of Serapis)

Today, the still-enormous Red Basilica straddles the Selinus River (Bergama Cayi), whose two subterranean galleries provide a canal for the water to pass.

The interior of the basilica consisted of three aisles divided by two rows of columns. The central aisle ended in a semi-circular apse, under which was a crypt. Above the lateral aisles were galleries.

A small mosque now makes its home in one of the towers.

Quick Facts on Red Basilica (Temple of Serapis)

Site Information
Names:Red Basilica (Temple of Serapis)
Categories:temples; change of religion; ruins
Dedication: Serapis
Dates:2nd C
Status: ruins
Visitor and Contact Information
Coordinates:39.123152° N, 27.181195° E
Address:Bergama, Turkey
Lodging:View hotels near Red Basilica (Temple of Serapis)
Note: This information was accurate when first published and we do our best to keep it updated, but details such as opening hours and prices can change without notice. To avoid disappointment, please check with the site directly before making a special trip.


  1. Frommer's Turkey, 3rd. ed.
  2. Red Basilica - PlanetWare

More Information

© Dick Osseman
© Helen Betts
© Dick Osseman

Map of Red Basilica (Temple of Serapis), Bergama

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