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Notre-Dame-la-Grande, Poitiers

View of Notre-Dame-la-Grande from the southwest. Famed for its magnificent west facade, the Romanesque collegiate church was built between the late 11th century and the middle of the 12th century. View all images in our Notre-Dame-la-Grande Photo Gallery.
The beautiful 12th-century west facade of Notre-Dame-la-Grande, Poitiers.
Top of west facade and conical roof of the right tower, both mid-12th-century, Notre-Dame-la-Grande, Poitiers. The mandorla at top center depicts Christ in Majesty. Both the richly sculpted facade and…
Detail of the 12th-century west facade of Église Notre-Dame-la-Grande, Poitiers.
The Annunciation and the Stem of Jesse (representing the royal family tree of Jesus). Traces of blue paint can be seen on the robes of the Archangel Michael and Virgin Mary. The faces have been…
The Nativity of Christ. Detail of 12th-century west facade of Église Notre-Dame-la-Grande, Poitiers.
Detail of the 12th-century west facade of Église Notre-Dame-la-Grande, Poitiers.
Christ in Majesty inside a mandorla, surrounded by the symbols of the Four Evangelists and interesting personifications of the Sun and Moon. Detail of 12th-century west facade of Église…
A lovely sculpture group depicting the Entombment of Christ in the Fou Chapel of Notre-Dame-la-Grande, Poitiers. Joseph of Arimathea and Nicodemus are shown laying the body gently in the grave, as…
12th-century fresco on the barrel vault of the choir, Notre-Dame-la-Grande, Poitiers.

The Église Notre-Dame-la-Grande in Poitiers is a magnificent Romanesque-Byzantine church from the 11th and 12th centuries. Its wide facade is flanked by pinecone-shaped towers and covered in carvings of saints and biblical scenes.

History

The early history of this fascinating church is something of a mystery, but the first recorded mention of it dates from 924 AD. The present Notre-Dame-la-Grande is thought to date from the late 11th century to the middle of the 12th century. The facade dates from the latter period. The church is not particularly large, so the name probably indicates there were less impressive churches dedicated to Our Lady in medieval Poitiers.

Since at least 1428, every Easter Monday a miraculous statue of the Virgin Mary known as the "Virgin of the Keys" was carried in procession around the ramparts of the town. This statue survives today and is kept in the choir of the church.

The church was thoroughly cleaned and restored in 1996; its stone is now a gleaming white. Interestingly, most of the dirt and damage to the facade was caused less by pollution and pigeon droppings than by the salt from the nearby market, which seeped into the ground and up the facade.

What to See

The west front of Notre-Dame-la-Grande (c.1150) is one of the finest Romanesque facades in France. It is flanked by turrets topped with conical spires, which, along with the rich sculpture, are the hallmarks of Poitou Romanesque architecture.

The sculpture of the west front is divided into three tiers. The middle and top tiers are a jumbled array of carved saints, prophets, creatures and foliage. The bottom tier tells the story of Jesus from right to left, based on The Drama of the Prophets, a fifth-century sermon. From left to the right, the carvings depict:

In the middle tier, the word of God is spread by the Twelve Apostles (eight seated below; four standing above) and two local bishop-saints on either end: Hilary and Martin. Only a few apostles still have distinguishable faces; among them is St. Peter, with keys in his left hand. The top tier features a richly-carved oval medallion of Christ in Glory (now headless), surmounted by the sun and moon and surrounded by the symbols of the Four Evangelists. There are interesting carvings of creatures and foliage in thearches at eye-level, too.

The interior consists of a dark, barrel-vaulted nave with no clerestory, narrower side aisles, a transept crossing topped with a tower, a small choir, and a groin-vaulted ambulatory with radiating chapels. A faded 12th-century fresco survives on the choir vault. The rest of the murals, which cover the nave columns and other surfaces with garish geometrical designs, date from the 19th century. There is only one narrative capital, which depicts the Ascension of Christ with angels.


Quick Facts on Notre-Dame-la-Grande

Site Information
Names:Église Notre-Dame-la-Grande; Great Church of Our Lady; Notre-Dame-la-Grande; Notre-Dame-la-Grande de Poitiers; Notre-Dame-la-Grande, Poitiers
City:Poitiers
State:Poitou-Charentes
Country:France
Categories:Churches
Faiths:Christianity; Catholic
Feat:Romanesque Sculpture
Styles:Romanesque
Dates:c. 1075-1150
Status:active
Visitor and Contact Information
Location:Poitiers, France
Coordinates:46.583266° N, 0.343977° E  (view on Google Maps)
Lodging:View hotels near this location
Note: This information was accurate when first published and we do our best to keep it updated, but details such as opening hours can change without notice. To avoid disappointment, please check with the site directly before making a special trip.

Map of Notre-Dame-la-Grande

Below is a location map and aerial view of Notre-Dame-la-Grande. Using the buttons on the left (or the wheel on your mouse), you can zoom in for a closer look, or zoom out to get your bearings. To move around, click and drag the map with your mouse.

References

  1. Personal visit (July 14, 2008).
  2. The Collegiate church of NOTRE-DAME-LA-GRANDE Poitiers - French Ministry of Culture
  3. Peter Strafford, Romanesque Churches of France: A Traveller's Guide (London: Giles de la Mare, 2005), 224-25.
  4. Rolf Toman, ed., Fiona Hulse, Ian Macmillan, trans. Romanesque: Architecture, Sculpture, Painting (Ullman & Könemann, 2004), 153 and 257.
  5. Medieval Poitiers - Images of Medieval Art and Architecture
  6. Rough Guide to France 9 (April 2005).
  7. Darwin Porter, Frommer's France 2007 (October 2006).

More Information

Article Info

Title:Notre-Dame-la-Grande, Poitiers
Author:Holly Hayes
Last updated:07/12/2009
Permalink:www.sacred-destinations.com/france/poitiers-notre-dame-la-grande
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